Sir Upendranath Brahmachari obtained his PhD degree (1904) from the University of Calcutta. His specialization was in Medical Science. He was Additional Physician, Calcutta Medical College Hospitals; Professor, Tropical Medicine, Carmichael Medical College; In-charge, Tropical Diseases Ward, National Medical Institute; Dean, Faculty of Medicine (1938), Faculty of Science (1939-40), University of Calcutta; Professor and Head, Department of Biochemistry, University College of Science, Kolkata; and Vice-President, Presidency College, Kolkata.
Academic and Research Achievements: Brahmachari made, what his contemporaries would rate as outstanding, contributions to medical science, particularly, in the conquest of kala-azar by discovering urea stibamine. This was the drug of choice in the treatment of this disease and also a powerful prophylactic. Sir Upendranath would also be gratefully remembered for his pioneering work in the treatment of dermal leishmaniasis, malaria, the old Burdwan fever, quartan fever, blackwater fever, cerebrospinal meningitis, filariasis, leprosy and syphilis.
Other Contributions: Brahmachari served as a Member of the Council of School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene; Indian Research Fund Association; and Zoological Garden, Kolkata.
Awards and Honours: Brahmachari was Honorary Assistant Surgeon to the Viceroy and Governor-General of India; Rai Bahadur (1911); recipient of Coates Medal and Griffth Prize; Minto Medal (1921); Kaisar-e-Hind Gold Medal (1924); and Sir William Jones Medal. He was Sectional President of Indian Science Congress (1934, 1936, 1938). He was a Fellow / Member of Asiatic Society (President, 1928-29), Indian Institute of Science and Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science; Fellow / Patron of Indian Chemical Society, Society of Biological Chemists (India), Physiological Society of India, Royal Society of Medicine (London), and Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (London); and Honorary Fellow of State Medical Faculty of Bengal and International Faculty of Science (London).